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Global Flood Service and Toolbox (GFST) 


A First Look at the GFST Survey:

The survey for the Global Flood Service and Toolbox (GFST), online since 5 May 2014, has provided an exciting collection of possible tools and services that can be integrated within the Global Flood Partnerships in the near future.

There are TEN service providers with a potential to run operationally for GFP. The services include global flood forecasting, detection, monitoring, flood extent and risk mapping.

FIVE tools have been proposed to become part of the GFST, three of which are also proposing to run an operational service (GFDS, GFMS and ISIS.  see below).

The turnout for the data sets was comparatively low with only Four data set proposed so far -- but we expect that more will come as the services and tools develop further.

The next steps are now to define missing metadata and to define the data standards. The surveys (which are designed in three parts for each of the Services, Tool and Data) are STILL OPEN, for those who are yet to register their tools and/or services. Please go ahead and fill them out at  Survey on Flood Services Survey on Flood Tools and  Survey on Flood Data.

A concise overview is listed below:

1.      Survey outcome for Global Flood Services

  • A total of 10 services were reported. The names of organizations (6) and contact persons (with phone and email addresses) have been provided.  The following are names of the services and providing organizations.

a.      Global Flood News, KAJO s. r. o.
b.      ISIS, CH2M HILL
c.      Global Flood Awareness System (GloFAS), JRC
d.      Global Flood Detection System (GFDS), JRC
e.      Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS), JRC
f.       Global Integrated Flood Map, JRC
g.      id-Lab, Deltares. More information on iD-Lab is here.
                h.      Global Flood Monitoring System (GFMS), ESSIC University of Maryland
                i.       Experimental River Discharge Measurements, University of Colorado/Dartmouth Flood Observatory
                j.      Extreme Rainfall Detection System (ERDS), ITHACA

  • List of services provided (and providers, see above for the letter codes):

-          Continuous flood detection a, d, h
-          Continuous real-time flood forecasting b, c, g, h
-          Continuous real-time flood forecasting and extent mapping b, f, h
-          Continuous risk mapping b
-          List of ongoing floods with impact evaluation e
-          Daily update of River Discharge status i
     


-          Continuous flood hazard mapping service
j

  • Data exchange standards for corresponding services listed above.

-          a- Georss, GeoJSON
-          b- GIS vectors
-          c- waterML
-          d- OGC WMS; KML, RSS, CSV; Geotiff
-          e- OGC WMS; KML, GeoRSS
-          f-  OGC formats
-          g- netCDF-CF Thredds/OpenDAP server, WMS, WCS
-          h- GIS vector, Raster, binary files, can be other major formats 
-          i-  Presently daba page (html) online; moving towards WaterML
-          j-  WMS, WFS

    2.  Survey outcome for Global Flood Tools

  •  A total of 5 tools were reported. Similarly, the names of organizations (5) and contact persons (with phone and email addresses) have been provided.  The following are names of the tools and providing organization.

                    a.      ISIS, CH2M HILL
                    b.      Speed-efficient flood inundation downscaling algorithm, UCLA-JIFRESSE/University of Bristol
                    c.      Global Flood Detection System Desktop Tool (GFDS), JRC
                    d.      Delft-Dashboard, Deltares
                    e.      Global Flood Monitoring System (GFMS), ESSIC University of Maryland

  • List of tools provided (and providers, see above for the letter codes):

-          Flood Forecasting tool a, e
-          Flood mapping tool a, c, e
-          Flood detection tool c
-          Flood hazard mapping tool a, b, e
-          Flood risk mapping tool a, e
-          Delft3D rapid model setup tool d

  • Data exchange standards for corresponding tools listed above.

-          a- GIS vector
-          b- GIS vector, Raster, KML
-          c- GIS vector, Raster
-          d- NetCDF-         
-          e-
GIS vector, Raster, binary files, can be other major formats

 3.  Survey outcome for Global Flood Data

  •  Global Flood Detection System (GFDS) Archive is a composite daily images of flood signal (% water coverage per pixel) and flood magnitude (anomaly). The time series available from 1998-now with spatial resolution 0.9dd / 10km. It can be used for low resolution flood mapping / discharge calibration.                                                                                                  -    Data exchange standard:  Geotiff, WGS84

  • The WISER project is designed to produce high resolution precipitation data which resolves convective rainfall for past recent conditions and future climate scenarios. More information is available on a draft web site http://www.env.leeds.ac.uk/~alan/wiser                                                                                                                                                                            - Data excange standard: Net-cdf

  •  Dartmouth Flood observatory Archive  is based on information derived from news, governmental, instrumental, and remote sensing sources. It includes the list of recent floods, and historical floods (starting from 1985)                                                              -    Data exchange standard:  .xml, .xls, GIS maps.

  • Ensemble Tropical Rainfall Potential (eTRaP) is a rainfall  ensemble that combines the 6-hourly totals from the single-orbit satellite tropical rainfall potentials.                                                                                                                                                         - Data excange standard: ASCII and McIDAS Area formats


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Objectives of the GFST and definitions:

As one of the pillars of the Global Flood Partnership (GFP) , the objectives of the GFST are: i) to provide operational flood detection and risk assessment services to the Global Flood Observatory and disaster managers ; ii) to share tools and data relevant to flood forecasting, detection, risk and impact assessment within the partnership; and iii) to create a platform for historical analysis, model validation and model comparison studies. The GFST will foster joint development and collaborations with in the partnership.

Services

Services can be described as regular and reliable provision of information related to floods on global scale that can be used for analysis by the Flood Observatory and other end users of GFP. A service will provide up to date information on upcoming and ongoing major floods. Examples range from seasonal-short range flood forecasting, daily-hourly flood detection, as well as instantaneous media reporting and crowd sourcing. Requirement to become a service, is the commitment from the institutions to provide the service for the duration of the pilot phase (3 years). In order to become a service also agreed OGC standards and protocols for the exchange of data and visualization of results must be followed and fact sheets about the service should be produced and training material expected to be provided. The information of the services can be visualized directly on the common GFP platform or (initially) linked to the provider’s side. 

Tools
Tools are modules, programmes, software or applications which can provide information about floods such as forecasts, detection, monitoring, risk and impact assessment and reporting. Examples for tools could be programmes for delineating flood extent from satellite images or hydrological models that can be set-up on global scale. Requirements for tools to be part of GFST is that they are sufficiently documented, their usability has been demonstrated and for the duration of the pilot phase a contact person exists for providing needed support. Tools are stored by the provider with a link in the GFST inventory page. Naturally, the tool box will grow with time and have strong links with the Research and Development box of the GFP. 

Data
It may be useful to share or document the underlying data for the services and tools. Data sets are expected to comply the common standards for data and metadata sharing, and preferably be shared freely within the flood partnership.


 Key documents
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Concept paper

conceptpaper

Presentation

Standard presentation for GFP

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Join us in the defining, shaping, structuring and launch of the Global Flood Partnership.

You can participate in the following ways: