Overall Orange alert Volcanic eruption for Taal
in Philippines

Event summary

Volcanic eruption Taal can have a medium humanitarian impact based on the exposed population and vulnerability.

GDACS ID VO 273070
Name: Taal
Glide number: VO-2020-000002-PHL
Lat/Lon: 14.002 , 120.993
Event Date: 16 Jan 2020 00:00 UTC
Exposed Population 30km: About 3080000 people within 30km
Exposed Population 100km: About 29950000 people within 100km
Max Volc. Explosivity Index VEI: 6
Population Exposure Index PEI: 7
Inserted at: 13 Jan 2020 13:17 UTC

GDACS Score

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Virtual OSOCC
Meteo assessment
Satellite products
Analytical products
Philippines - Volcanic Eruption update (ECHO 16 Jan 2020)Thu, 16 Jan 2020 11:07

  • Over the past 24 hours, Tall volcano erupted an ash plume up to 800 meters high. The ash dispersed southwest of the Main Crater but the activity is slightly weakening.
  • A total of 566 volcanic earthquakes have been registered since 12 January.
  • According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), more than 53,000 people have been sheltered in 244 evacuation centres located in the Provinces of Cavite and Batangas and more than 65,000 have been affected. In addition, 5 roads have been closed, 632 flights cancelled and 20 municipalities experinced power interruption.
  • The alert Level 4 remains in effect as well as the mandatory evacuation order for people living in a radius of 14 km from the Main Crater.
  • The European Commission EMS was activated on 13 January in rapid mapping mode (EMSR 418) and 2 satellite maps were produced.
Philippines - Volcanic eruption update (ECHO 15 Jan 2020)Wed, 15 Jan 2020 11:07

  • According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) a total of 12,486 households (53,019 people) have been affected by the eruption of Taal volcano on Luzon with 10,000 of these (43,681 people) housed in 217 evacuation centres. 12 cities/municipalities have seen power outages in Cavite, Laguna and Batangas provinces.
  • Various government agencies and the World Food Programme (WFP) are supporting the response together with hundreds of volunteers. Classes and work in cities/municipalities further away from the volcano have resumed and all road sections surrounding the volcano are now passable.
  • 466 volcanic earthquakes have been recorded since 12 January and an alert level 4 (hazardous eruption imminent) remains in effect. Mandatory evacuations are still ongoing within the danger area, with more than 350,000 people living within this 14 km radius of the volcano. 
  • The EU's Copernicus emergency satelite mapping service was activated on 13 January in rapid mapping mode and have been produced.
  • A DG ECHO humanitarian expert has been deployed to the affected areas to assess the situation.
Philippines - Volcanic eruption update (ECHO 14 Jan 2020)Tue, 14 Jan 2020 11:05

  • Following the activity of Taal Volcano since 12 January, characterized by continuous magmatic and hydrovolcanic activity, 18,187 people are still displaced and sheltered in 118 evacuation centres located in Batangas Province. 
  • The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), reports more than 34,000 people affected, 3 roads closed, and 604 flights cancelled. 27,719 households in Tanauan City have lost power due to ashfall. The towns of Laurel and Talisay, San Nicolas, Agoncillo are still without power.
  • The authorities are conducting emergency operations and are continuously monitoring the volcano activity. State of calamity has been announced in Batangas province.
  • According to the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Technology (PHIVOLCS), as of 14 January, the alert level 4 (hazardous eruption imminent) remains in effect as well as the mandatory evacuation order for the 500 000 people living in a radius of 14 km from the crater.
  • DG ECHO partners such as are Save the Children, Philippine Red Cross, Oxfam, and other national NGOs are actively contributing to the emergency response.
  • Copernicus EMS was activated on 13 January in rapid mapping mode (). 2 satellite maps were already produced. 
Philippines - Volcanic Eruption (ECHO 13 Jan 2020)Mon, 13 Jan 2020 11:07

  • On 12 January, Taal volcano, located in the Batangas Province (central-western Luzon), started erupting an ash plume 10-15 km high, followed by a magmatic eruption including weak lava flow.
  • Widespread ashfall was recorded in several locations, including the cities of Manila and Quezon. Additionally, 75 volcanic earthquakes have been registered by the Philippine Seismic Network of which 32 have been felt by the population living close to the volcano.
  • According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), around 24,500 people have been displaced and sheltered in 75 evacuation centres in Batangas Province, seven cities experienced power outages and 3 roads have been closed.
  • The authorities deployed emergency teams to help those affected in the Batangas Province.
  • The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Technology (PHIVOLCS) has raised the alert level to 4 (hazardous eruption imminent) and a further explosive eruption is possible within hours to days. Furthermore, people living in a radius of 14 km from the crater are under mandatory evacuation.
Detailed event map. European Union, 2015. Map produced by EC-JRC.
The boundaries and the names shown on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the European Union.

Updates on volcanic activity (Smithsonian)

The Smithsonian/USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report provides information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. See the detail here

Latest media headlines

Articles: 720 | About casualties: 13 | Last hour: 0

Philippines: Thousands evacuate as volcano spews ashSat, 18 Jan 2020 16:07:00 +0100.

Thousands of people were being evacuated south of the Philippine capital, Manila, on Sunday as Taal Volcano began to send clouds of ash and stone into the sky. The country's seismological authority raised the alert level to 4 out of 5, sugg
...(more)
Threat of 'explosive eruption' at Taal stalks Filipino evacuees - Alja ... Sat, 18 Jan 2020 12:59:00 +0100.

The number of residents displaced by an erupting volcano in the northern Philippines has risen to 162,000, as state scientists continue to warn that the threat of a hazardous explosive eruption remained, despite an apparent lull in activity
...(more)
Threat of 'explosive eruption' at Taal stalks Filipino evacuees - Al J ... Sat, 18 Jan 2020 12:54:00 +0100.

The number of residents displaced by an erupting volcano in the northern Philippines has risen to 162,000, as state scientists continue to warn that the threat of a hazardous explosive eruption remained, despite an apparent lull in activity
...(more)
Éruption d’un volcan aux Philippines: déjà plus de 162.000 personnes é ... Sat, 18 Jan 2020 09:50:00 +0100.

Plus de 162.000 habitants ont été évacués depuis le réveil du volcan Taal aux Philippines, car la menace d’une éruption explosive dangereuse persiste malgré une apparente accalmie en surface, selon les scientifiques présents sur place. La
...(more)

Estimated casualties (PAGER)

USGS estimates the number of casualties for each earthquake for the Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) product.
The graph shows the current fatalities estimate.

Exposed population

Data, images, links, services and documents

For this events, GDACS has links to information from the following sources: EMSR (2), JRC (28), (1), INGV (2), WMO (1), INFORM (2),